Members at the G20 Summit in Osaka, Japan, have implemented a framework for actions on marine plastic litter.
The 2019 summit was the fourteenth meeting of the G20, which consists of 19 countries, including Australia, and the EU.
Held from June 28-29, one of the results of the summit included an action plan on marine litter that as the G20 member recognise the increasing urgency to tackle the issue of litter – in particular marine plastic litter and microplastics.
As the G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter, adopted at the G20 Hamburg Summit in 2017, laid the foundation for the G20 members to address marine litter, this G20 Implementation Framework for Actions on Marine Plastics Litter is to facilitate further concrete actions on marine litter.
The framework is expected to complement the work of the United Nations Environment Programme and it encourages voluntary actions by the G20 members in accordance with national policies, approaches, and circumstances.
The framework promotes a comprehensive life-cycle approach to urgently and effectively prevent and reduce plastic litter discharge to the oceans, in particular from land-based sources, through environmentally sound waste management, deployment of innovative solutions, and international cooperation to enhance national capacities.
It also promotes the prevention and reduction of plastic waste generation and littering, promotion of sustainable consumption and production, including but not limited to promoting resource efficiency, circular economy, sustainable materials management, waste to value approach, and measures to address sea-based sources.
Members should also share and update information on relevant policies, plans, and measures taken/to be taken in line with the G20 Action Plan on Marine Litter on a voluntary basis, and promote policies and measures by peer learning from best practices, using opportunities to co-organise with relevant meetings.
The information to be shared may include effective measures to prevent and reduce plastic litter discharge to the oceans, and their achievements and challenges.
Countries should also enhance collaboration internationally to advance innovative solutions such as for product design, resource efficient and circular approaches, waste management practice and technologies, waste water treatment technologies, and environmentally sound products, taking into account their contribution to marine pollution and full lifecycle environmental impact, in cooperation with existing international fora and initiatives.
These initiatives including but are not limited to the World Circular Economy Forum, the Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy, the G20 Resource Efficiency Dialogue, and the G7 Innovation Challenge to Address Marine Plastic Litter.